History route

Get knowledge about Kagurazaka history. This route enables you to track development of Kagurazaka town. (It takes about 60 minutes)

牛込と神楽坂の歴史を知るコース地図

START !


①JR Iidabashi stn ~ Ushigome gate of Edo castle

West exit of JR Iidabashi station is a starting point. Walking along the road to the south, there remain stone walls of the Edo castle Ushigome outer gate which was built in the 1st half of the 16th century by Iemitsu, the 3rd Shogun of Tokugawa shogunate. It is a very important gate because it led to Joshuu (Gunma prefecture), which is the strategic place for transportation. 


②Ushigome Ageba

The location of RAMRA now was moat in the Edo era and there was a landing port called Ushigome Ageba. It was the last point for shipping cargoes arrive at from Edo bay via Sumidagawa river and Kandagawa river. The fact that there was such a logistic center nearby is one of the factors of Kagurazaka's development. Nowadays only a monument of Ushigome Ageba is erected there.


③Karukozaka

Karukozaka, running in parallel to Kagurazaka, is historically older than Kagurazaka. The route from Karukozaka toward Kotakibashi via Akagi shrine is said to be one of the branch route of Kamakura old trail. Because there were many transporters (Karuko-mochi in Japanese) who carry cargoes discharged at Ushigome Ageba, they called this slope Karukozaka.


④Hyoogo-yokochoo

This stone-tile alley reminds us of old days of Kagurazaka. Along the alley are ryootei Yukimoto, inn for scriptwriters "Wakana" and so on.


⑤Jinai park

Jinai means "inside of temple territory". Jinai park is the origin of Kagurazaka kagai, and there were whorehouses of Gyooganji temple in the Edo era. After the temple moved out, this place was still called Jinai and some actors were living there.


⑥Soumaya

They say a stationary shop Soomaya is the oldest shop in Kagurazka, and its official name is Soomaya Gensiroo Shop. There is a record that they were selling paper here in 1659. This stationary shop started to sell manuscript paper used by a lot of famous novel writers such as Natsume Sooseki.


⑦Kohshouji temple (Ex.Ushigome fortress)

This is the place where Daigo clan (later Ushigome clan) built Ushigome fortress in the 15th century. It is true that the land is the highest in this area and surrounded by rivers at that time, so this location is the best place to build a fortress. Later in the Edo era, this fortress was forced to close because one could look down the Edo castle from here, and instead Kohshouji temple moved in. The temple became a family temple of feudal load Sakai in current Yamagata prefecture. and you can find Sakai family's tombstones.


⑧Asahizaka(Yokoteramachi)

A lot of temples moved in this area in the Edo era. Yokoteramachi literally means "cross temple street". In the past, Kagurazaka doori was called main temple street and this street was crossed with Kagurazaka doori, thus it was called Yokoteramachi.


⑨Akagi shrine

When Daigo clan moved in this area in the 14th century, they copied Akagi shrine in their hometown here, which is said to be the origin of this shrine. Later the location of this shrine changed several times and finally stood current location in the middle of the 16th century. Akagi shrine was listed as one of the top ranking shrines in the Edo era by Tokugawa shogunate and flourished. Recently this shrine was re-designed by famous Japanese architect Kuma Kengo, so the current building looks modern. How about taking a rest with a cup of coffee at Akagi cafe in the building next door?


GOAL !